Range Rover

Range Rover
May 28, 2012
Range Rover Convertible
May 28, 2012

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NCE will Design and Engineer your Range Rover to a Power top convertible!

Newport Convertible Engineering was the first US coach builder that designed, engineered and distributed limited Range Rover Convertibles throughout the world!

Newport Convertible Engineering is an original design manufacturer(ODM) that designs and engineers authentic convertible tops on all brands of automobiles. NCE has recieved world wide recognition for their original convertible designs, especially on Range Rover convertibles.

 

WORLDCARFANS
Newport unveils their Range Rover Convertible
Goes into production this August
If you can’t wait to get your hands on the Range Rover Evoque Cabrio, Newport Convertible Engineering wants to hear from you
as they’ve just unveiled their Range Rover Convertible.
Based on the Range Rover Autobiography, the model has been equipped with an electronically-operated soft top that opens
and closes at the push of a button. While the roof isn’t particularly attractive, it can be concealed by a cover when lowered.
There’s no word on much the conversion will cost but Newport plans to put the model into limited production this August.
It will be distributed through selected Range Rover dealerships throughout the world.
Source: Newport Convertible Engineering via Autoblog
Published Jul 18, 2013 12:20 pm By Michael Gauthie
The Rover Company (the creator of the Land Rover marque) had been experimenting with a larger model than the Land Rover Series as far back as 1951, when the Rover P4-based two-wheel-drive “Road Rover” project was developed by Gordon Bashford.[1] This was shelved in 1958, and the idea lay dormant until 1966, when engineers Spen King and Gordon Bashford set to work on a new model.[2]The Range Rover is a large luxury four-wheel drive sport utility vehicle (SUV) produced by British car maker Land Rover. The model, launched in 1970, is now in its third generation. Range Rover is also being developed by Land Rover as its premium brand, and it is used as a brand name on two other models – the Range Rover Sport and the Range Rover Evoque.

In 1967, the first Range Rover prototype was built, with the classic Range Rover shape clearly discernible, but with a different front grille and headlight configuration. The design of the Range Rover was finalised in 1969. Twenty-six Velar engineering development vehicles were built between 1969 and 1970 and were road registered with the number plates YVB 151H through to YVB 177H.[3]

It is commonly thought that “VELAR” is an acronym for Vee Eight LAnd Rover, however the name is derived from the Italian ‘velare’ meaning to veil or to cover.[4] Range Rover development engineer Geof Miller used the name as a decoy for registering pre-production Range Rovers. The Velar company was registered in London and produced forty pre-production vehicles that were built between 1967 and 1970. Most of these Velar pre-production vehicles are accounted for and have survived into preservation.[4]

The Range Rover was launched in 1970. In the early 1970s the Louvre museum in Paris, France exhibited a Range Rover as an “exemplary work of industrial design”.[5]

In 1972, the British Trans-Americas Expedition became the first vehicle-based expedition to traverse the two American continents from north-to-south, including traversing the roadless Darien Gap. The specially modified Range Rovers used for this expedition are now on display in the British Motor Industry Heritage Trust collection at Gaydon, Warwickshire, England.

Before 1987, Land Rover vehicles were only sold in the United States through the grey market. The Land Rover company began selling the Range Rover officially in the U.S. on March 16, 1987. From that time until 1993, the U.S. marketing was all in the name of Range Rover, because it was the only model offered in the American market. In 1993, with the arrival of the Defender 110 and the imminent arrival of the Land Rover Discovery, the company’s U.S. sales were under the name “Land Rover North America”.

Brand development

In 2005, Land Rover launched another model under the Range Rover brand – the Range Rover Sport, which was based on the Land Rover Discovery platform.

The brand was used again in 2010, when the production implementation of the Land Rover LRX concept vehicle was announced as the Range Rover Evoque.

The Range Rover

First generation (1970–1996)

Range Rover “Classic”
Range Rover front 20080331.jpg
Production 1970–1996
Body style 3-door SUV
5-door SUV
Engine 3.5 L V8 134 hp Carburettor
3.5 L V8 155 hp
3.9 L V8 182 hp
4.2 L V8 200 hp
2.4 L 112 hp VM Turbodiesel
2.5 L 119 hp VM Turbodiesel
2.5 L 111 hp 200TDi Turbodiesel
2.5 L 111 hp 300TDi Turbodiesel
Wheelbase 100 in (2,540 mm)
Length 176 in (4,470 mm)
Width 70 in (1,778 mm)
Height 70 in (1,778 mm)
Related Land Rover Discovery
Main article: Range Rover Classic

The first-generation Range Rover was produced between 1970 and 1996.

The original car was not designed as a luxury-type 4×4, much like other utility vehicles such as the Jeep Wagoneer of the United States were. While certainly up-market compared to preceding Land Rover models, the early Range Rovers had fairly basic, utilitarian interiors with vinyl seats and plastic dashboards that were designed to be washed down with a hose. Convenience features such as power assisted steering, carpeted floors, air conditioning, cloth/leather seats, and wooden interior trim were fitted later.

The Range Rover was a body-on-frame design with a box section ladder type chassis, like the contemporary Series Land Rovers. The Range Rover utilised coil springs as opposed to leaf springs, permanent four-wheel drive, and four-wheel disc brakes. However, the latest iteration uses a monocoque body structure. The Range Rover was originally powered by the Rover V8 engine. Later models were powered by a 4.4 L BMW V8, until the introduction of a 3.6 litre TDV8 engine.

Originally, the Range Rover was fitted with a detuned 135 hp (101 kW) version of the Buick-derived Rover V8 engine. In 1984, the engine was fitted with Lucas fuel injection, boosting power to 155 hp (116 kW). The 3.5 litre (3,528 cc) engine was bored out to adisplacement of 3.9 litres (3,947 cc) for the 1990 model year, and 4.2 litre (4,215 cc) in 1992 (1993 model year) for the 108-inch Long Wheelbase Vogue LSE (County LWB [long wheelbase] in North America). One of the first significant changes came in 1981, with the introduction of a four-door body. Shortly after they introduced twin thermo fan technology to reduce significant overheating problems 1970s models experienced in Australia. In 1988, LR introduced a durable 2.4 litre turbodiesel (badged Vogue Turbo D) arrived with 112 bhp (84 kW), manufactured by Italian VM Motori. The same engine was also available in theRover SD1 passenger car. The diesel project was codenamed project Beaver. During the project, 12 world records were broken, including the fastest diesel SUV to reach 100 mph (160 km/h), and the furthest a diesel SUV has travelled in 24 hours. In 1990 project Otter was unvieled. This was a mildly tuned 2.5 litre, 119 bhp (89 kW) version of the ‘Beaver’ 2.4. In 1992, Land Rover finally introduced their own diesel engines in the Range Rover, beginning with the 111 bhp (83 kW) 200TDi, first released in theLand Rover Discovery and following in 1994, the 300 TDi, again with 111 bhp.

The very first Range Rover was a green model with the registration “YVB 151H”,[6] and is now on exhibition at Huddersfield Land Rover Centre, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire.

The first generation model was known as the Range Rover until almost the end of its run, when Land Rover introduced the nameRange Rover Classic to distinguish it from its successors.[7]

Utility vehicles

YAM Range Rover Airport Crash Tender

The first-generation Range Rover served as the base for specialist utility vehicles. These included the Carmichaels International six-wheelFire Tender. This was a two-door model with an extended chassis and a third “lazy” axle added. Designed for small airfield use, it had a water-pump mounted on the front bumper driven directly by the V8’s crankshaft. The MoD purchased them for the RAF, this version was called the TACR2. Carmichaels was contracted to supply the modified chassis and the fire-fighting body was supplied and mounted by Gloster-Saro. These were four-door versions using an internally mounted water-pump driven by a gearbox PTO. At least one of these (atDuxford IWM) has been converted into a full 6×6 by linking a drive-through unit to the two rear axles’ differentials.

Second generation (1994–2002)

Range Rover (P38A)
1995-1998 Land Rover Range Rover (P38A) 4.0 SE wagon 05.jpg
Production 1994–2002
Body style 5-door SUV
Engine 4.0 L Rover V8
4.6 L Rover V8
2.5 L BMW M51 Turbodiesel I6
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase 108.1 in (2,746 mm)
Length 185.5 in (4,712 mm)
Width 74.4 in (1,890 mm)
Height 71.6 in (1,819 mm)
Main article: Range Rover (P38A)

After 25 years from the introduction of the first-generation Range Rover, the second-generation Range Rover—model-designation P38A (see note below)—was introduced for the 1995 model year, with an updated version of the Rover V8 engines. There was also the option of a 2.5 litre BMW six-cylinder turbo-diesel with a BOSCH injection pump. This was the first Diesel injection with electronic controls in a Land Rover, before common rails were introduced. This was a result of BMW’s subsequent ownership ofRover Group and hence the Land Rover brand. The new model offered more equipment and premium trims, positioning the vehicle above the Land Rover Discovery to face the increased competition in the SUV marketplace.

Third generation (2002–present)

Range Rover “L322”
Land Rover Range Rover HSE
Production since 2002
Body style 5-door SUV
Engine 4.4 L BMW M62 V8 (2002–2006)
4.4 L Jaguar AJ-V8 V8 (2006–2009)
4.2 L Jaguar AJ-V8 SuperchargedV8 (2006–2009)
5.0 L Jaguar AJ-V8 SuperchargedV8 (since 2009)
2.9 L BMW M57 TD I6 (2002–2006)
3.6 L Ford AJD-V6/PSA DT17 TD V8(2007–2010)
4.4 L Ford TD V8 (since 2010)
Transmission 8-speed automatic[8] (since 2010)
6-speed automatic (since 2006)
5-speed automatic (2002–2005)
Wheelbase 113.4 in (2,880 mm)
Length 194.9 in (4,950 mm) (2002–2005)
195.7 in (4,971 mm) (2006–present)
195.9 in (4,976 mm)
Width 75.7 in (1,923 mm) (2002–2009)
80.1 in (2,035 mm) (2010–present)
Height 73.3 in (1,862 mm) (2002–2005)
74.9 in (1,902 mm) (2006–2009)
73.9 in (1,877 mm) (2010–present)
Main article: Range Rover (L322)

In 2002, the third-generation model was introduced which saw the model move further up-market. Planned and developed underBMW ownership the third generation was to share components and systems (electronics, core power units etc.) with the E38 7 Series. It was designed to accommodate BMW’s M62 V8 engines for future models. The manual transmission was dropped entirely, leaving only the automatic transmission. The E38 7 Series electronics system were being phased out during the development of the third-generation Range Rover and being replaced with the electronics from the BMW E39 5 Series. The entertainment system (Radio Function, Navigation System, Television and Telecommunications systems, as well as the automotive computer bus system[9]) are identical with the BMW E39 5 Series. The third-generation model Range Rover can be upgraded with the newest BMW technologies.[10]

Range Rover Logo

Range Rover Sport

Range Rover Sport

Main article: Range Rover Sport

On 26 November 2004, Land Rover released the first photographs of the Range Rover Sport, a new model it planned to show to the public for the first time at the 2005 North American International Auto Show. The Range Rover Sport is a production car development of theRange Stormer concept vehicle the company showcased in the 2004 North American International Auto Show. Though called the Range Rover Sport, it was not merely a new specification within the Range Rover line-up, but rather an entirely new vehicle, based on theDiscovery/LR3 chassis. This model was released for sale in late 2005 as a 2006 model.

Range Rover Evoque

Main article: Range Rover Evoque

The Range Rover Evoque, which went into production in July 2011, has its roots in the Land Rover LRX concept vehicle. It is available with either a three-door or five-door hatchback body, front-wheel drive or four-wheel drive and with a 2-litre turbocharged petrol engine or one of two different power output 2.2-litre turbo-diesel engines.

Criticism

Environmental impact

In recent years the Range Rover brand has attracted some controversy,[11] particularly from those concerned with the potential negative environmental impact of large, luxury vehicles. In 2005 members of Greenpeace temporarily disrupted production of Range Rovers at the Land Rover plant in Solihull.[12]

Cultural impact

In 2004, Spen King criticised SUV owners who drove their vehicles in urban areas, saying that vehicles like the Range Rover he created were “never intended as a status symbol but later incarnations of my design seem to be intended for that purpose.”

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